Projects

Our activities focus primarily on the scientific studies on biology and ecology of the endangered species of birds, bird and wetland conservation, public educations, bird surveys related with a proposed infrastructures such as wind farming and power lines.

Migration study of Great Bustard Otis tarda in Eastern Mongolia

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The Great Bustard is an endemic species in Eurasian steppe ecosystem which is assessed as globally and regionally “Vulnerable” by IUCN Red list category. The huge adult male great bustard is possibly the heaviest living flying animal. It is also arguably the most sexual dimorphic extant bird species, in terms of the size difference between males and females. These heavy-bodied birds also perform spectacular breeding displays, and exhibit extreme sexual dimorphism. These stem from the ‘lek’ breeding system of these species, in which males compete for female attention at traditional gathering sites each spring. Eurasian bustards face a variety of threats, including poaching, poisoning, collisions with overhead cabling, and incompatible agricultural practices. The fact that they roam over large territories annually is challenging for their conservation, but makes them excellent ambassadors for landscape-level conservation and sustainable agriculture. But makes them excellent ambassadors for landscape-level conservation and sustainable agriculture. 
The issue of sustainable breeding study of the Great Bustard Otis tarda along the Ulz river is still important. We cooperated on this study with scientists from Bejing Forestry University, China and researchers of EMPAA. In 2019, total 8 Great Bustard Otis tarda have been tracked from Eastern Mongolia and one adult male breeding individual and three adult female breeding individuals have been stable around Chukh lake throughout the whole season. Of them, two female individuals nested and a total of three eggs hatched successfully. At the beginning of the breeding season, in mid-May, young male birds are rarely found in this area. In late August to early September, a total of 9-13 male individuals settled in the area. At that time, we tracked a total of 8 individuals (F=2, M=6). 7 from Ugtam Nature Reserve and 1 from Chukh lake to observe their movement and migration using the GSM-based transmitter.