The Red-naped Shaheen breeds from eastern Iran and southern Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and western Pakistan, the western Himalayas of India and mountainous regions of Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, extending into the Kyzylkum desert of Uzbekistan to the Aral Sea, the southern half of Kazakhstan and east to the Tien Shan in Xinjiang, China. In the north-east of its range babylonicus reportedly occurs in the Altai region and beyond to the northern Khövsgöl province of Mongolia. White et al. (2013) suggested that the Transbaikalia region of north-western Mongolia is an area where babylonicus is likely to come into contact with the nominate peregrinus. The Red-naped Shaheen is rarely reported and is believed to be a summer visitor to Mongolia, occurring in western and southern provinces (Gombobaatar & Monks 2011). But breeding Barbary falcons have been recorded and observed in Gobi Altai Mountan Range and also electrocuted juvenile falcons have been reported in Mongolian Southern Gobi as well (Batmunkh and Andrew, 2015). It is important to survey for breeding population of the species in Mongolia gobi region and the Mongolia is one of the significant breeding distribution range of the species. However, there are no population estimation and no specific surveys conducted in the country.
In April 2019, Mongolian Bird Conservation Center (MBCC) and Johnson Lab at the University of North Texas, USA are signed the MoU on surveys for breeding Red-naped Shaheen in southwestern Mongolia. A joined team conducted the surveys for 10 days and found 4 active nests with nestlings from the survey area. Most nestlings were nearly fledglings and few were still at the nest. This species was also observed as wintering in the breeding territories in southwestern Mongolia and several falcons were photographed during the winter period. A team of MBCC has planned to do more intensive surveys for breeding Red-naped Shaheens in the south and western region of the country in the further.